General California Hunting Regulations for Birds and Mammals

General California hunting regulations.
General California hunting regulations.

Here, we fetch up general California hunting regulations applicable to both birds and mammals, whether game, nongame, or domestically reared. In addition to hunting on public and private land, we retrieve them for possession, transport, buying, selling, processing, storage. Finally, we get them for adults, juniors, military, nonresidents, landowners, breeders, clubs, guides, taxidermists, restaurants, guides, and other service providers. We bring them back by list of Topics and Regulations, and drop links to the text and our pages with definitions and related hunting seasons, laws and locations.

Warning shots!! The contents of this page is not meant to be legal advice, but feel free to contact our attorney for help. Always check the Fish and Game website for current and any additional hunting regulations. Other rules and regulations might also apply (e.g. Penal Code and county ordinances). For categories or birds and mammals (e.g. big game), also see our menu for Regulations, and for individual species (e.g. deer), see our menu for Hunting.


Topics

Here, we retrieve general California hunting regulations applicable to both birds and mammals unless we distinguish otherwise for game, nongame, or domestic. We also fetch them up for specific people, places, and activities.

Topics for general California hunting regulations.
Topics for general California hunting regulations.
  1. Accidental Injuries to Others, see FGC § 3009 [requires hunter aid to people accidentally injured while hunting].
  2. Agriculture, see Bait and Vehicles.
  3. Airplanes, see Vehicles.
  4. Alcohol, see FGC § 3001 [prohibits hunting while intoxicated].
  5. Ammo, see 14 CCR § 250.1 [prohibits lead ammo while taking wildlife with a firearm], Accidental Hunting Injuries, Alcohol, and Online Shooting.
  6. Archery, see 14 CCR § 354 [restricts use of a bow, as it defines, and crossbows], Accidental Hunting Injuries, Alcohol, and Online Shooting.
  7. Bag Limits, see FGC § 2001 [excess] and 14 CCR § 252 [defines “bag and possession limit].
  8. Bait, see 14 CCR § 257.5 [prohibits take within 400 yards of a “baited area,” as it defines, and provide exceptions for certain agricultural and wildlife management purposes].
  9. BB Guns, see FGC § 3001 [prohibits hunting while intoxicated], Accidental Hunting Injuries, and Projectile Devices.
  10. Boats, see Private Land and Vehicles.
  11. Bounties, see Contests.
  12. Breeders, see Domesticated Game [license requirement].
  13. Buying & Selling, see FGC § 3039 [birds, mammals, handicrafts, shed antlers, domestically reared animals], 14 CCR § 671.1 [prohibits sale of live restricted species], and Taxidermists.
  14. Calls, see FGC § 3012 [recordings and amplified sounds]
  15. Clubs, see Commercial Hunting Clubs, Domesticated Game, Migratory Game Bird Shooting Areas, and Pheasant Clubs.
  16. Colorado River (District 22), see FGC § 308 [prohibits hunting within 1/8 mile of a of any gallinaceous guzzler].
  17. Cold Storage, see FGC § 3086 [record keeping].
  18. Commercial Hunting Clubs, see FGC § 3240.5 [provides definition and license requirements and exceptions].
  19. Common Carriers, see Domesticated Game.
  20. Confinement, see Domesticated Game, Live Birds & Mammals, and Online Shooting.
  21. Contests, Tournaments & Derbies, see FGC § 2003 [generally prohibits] and FGC § 2011 [generally prohibits bounties].
  22. Crossbows, see FGC § 3001 [prohibits hunting while intoxicated], 14 CCR § 354 [restricts use], Accidental Hunting Injuries, and Projectile Devices.
  23. Definitions, see FGC §§ 46 [“guide boat”], 2011 [“possession” of dead or crippled game], 3240.5 [“commercial hunting club”], 3003 [“online shooting”], and 3033 [“disabled veterans” and “recovering service members] and 14 CCR §§ 251.1 [animal “harassment”], 252 [“bag and possession limit], 257.5 [“baited areas”], 258 [“season”], 354 [“bow”], and 670 [“falconry”].
  24. Disabled Hunters, see 14 CCR § 354 [provides for Disable Archer’s Permit to use crossbow] and License & Special Permits.
  25. Domesticated Game, see FGC § 2400 [common carrier transport requires proper tags and labels], FGC § 3200 [subject to exceptions, requires breeder’s license to raise, import, or hold in confinement birds or mammals that normally exist in the wild if kept more than 30 days], Bait, Commercial Hunting Clubs, and our pages for Hunting Clubs and Game Bird Club Regulations for breeding, buying, handling, hunting, raising, selling, serving, and transporting [FGC 3200-3219].
  26. Donations & Gifts, see FGC § 3080.
  27. Driving & Herding, see 14 CCR § 251.1 [prohibits harassment, as it defines, including driving and herding of furbearers, plus game and nongame birds or mammals, and provides exception for property protection] and Property Damage.
  28. Ecological Reserves, see 14 CCR § 550 [restrictions for general use].
  29. Endangered & Threatened Species, see 14 CCR § 670.5 [provides list].
  30. Export, see 14 CCR § 671 and 671.1 [prohibits export of live threatened species], and Common Carriers and Online Shooting.
  31. Falconry, see 14 CCR § 670 [provides rules for hunting and related activities].
  32. Firearms, see Ammo.
  33. Food Service, see Domesticated Game [exemptions from breeder’s license].
  34. Furbearers, see Live Birds and Mammals.
  35. Game Birds, see Live Birds and Mammals.
  36. Game Mammals, see Live Birds and Mammals.
  37. Game Refuges, click here.
  38. Guides, see FGC § 46 [defines guide boat].
  39. Handicrafts, see Buying & Selling.
  40. Import, see 14 CCR § 671 and 671.1 [prohibits import of live threatened species], and Common Carriers, Domesticated Game, Live Birds & Mammals, and Online Shooting.
  41. Indian Reservations, see 14 CCR § 251.8 [provides conditions for transporting game birds and mammals off Indian reservations].
  42. Juniors, see Licenses & Special Permits.
  43. Landowners, see Private Land Management and Property Damage.
  44. Licenses & Special Permits, see Commercial Hunting Clubs, Domesticated Game [breeder’s license] and Hunting License Regulations for annual and lifetime licenses for residents, one and two day licenses for nonresidents, juniors and supervision requirements, disabled veterans and members of the US armed forces, recovering service members, and free hunting days.
  45. Live Birds & Mammals, see FGC § 3005.5 [only for temporary medical treatment], 14 CCR § 671 [prohibits import, transport, or possession of live restricted birds and mammals], and Domesticated Game [raising].
  46. Meat Dealers, see Domesticated Game [exemption from breeder’s license].
  47. Medical Treatment, see Live Birds and Mammals.
  48. Migratory Game Bird Shooting Areas, see Commercial Hunting Clubs and Domesticated Game [exemption from breeder’s license].
  49. Military, see License & Special Permits.
  50. National Wildlife Refuges, see 14 CCR § 550 [restrictions for general use where the CDFW manages the hunting program] and 14 CCR § 625 [prohibits hunting on land near the Sutter refuge and Sutter Bypass].
  51. Night Hunting, see our page with Night Hunting Regulations [flashlights, lanterns, spotlights, night vision, lighted nocks, shooting hours, etc.].
  52. Nongame Birds, see Calls and Live Birds and Mammals.
  53. Nongame Mammals, see Calls and Live Birds and Mammals.
  54. Online Shooting, see FGC § 3003 [prohibits “online shooting,” as it defines]/
  55. Pellet Guns, see FGC § 3001 [prohibits hunting while intoxicated], Accidental Hunting Injuries, and Projectile Devices.
  56. Permits, see Contests, Property Damage, and Vehicles.
  57. Pheasant Clubs, see FGC § 3200 [exempt from domesticated game breeder’s license].
  58. Poison, see FGC § 3012 [generally prohibits poison] and Archery.
  59. Possession, see FGC § 2001 [out of season]; 14 CCR § 671 and 14 CCR § 671.1 [prohibits possession or use of live threatened species]; and Live Birds and Mammals, and Stealing.
  60. Possession Limits, see FGC § 2001 [excess] and FGC § 3080 [closed season].
  61. Private Land Management Program, see FGC § 4307 [identification markers], FGC §§ 3400-3408, and 14 CCR § 702 [fees for license applications, tags, and seals].
  62. Property Damage, see FGC § 2005 [night hunting], 2019 [bounties], 3003.5 [vehicles to drive and herd], and 3005 [traps and poison], and 14 CCR § 251 [use of vehicles, boats, and planes].
  63. Purchasing, see Buying and Selling, and Contests, and Vehicles.
  64. Projectile Devices, see BB Guns, Crossbows, Online Shooting, Pellet Guns, Slingshots, and Spearguns.
  65. Raising, see Domesticated Game [breeder’s license].
  66. Seasons, see FGC § 2001 and 14 CCR § 258 [defines “season“].
  67. Shooting Hours, see Accidental Hunting Injuries and Night Hunting.
  68. Slingshots, see FGC § 3001 [prohibits hunting while intoxicated], Accidental Hunting Injuries, and Projectile Devices.
  69. Spear Guns, see FGC § 3001 [prohibits hunting while intoxicated], Accidental Hunting Injuries, and Projectile Devices.
  70. Stealing, see FGC § 2011 [defines “possession,” as physical possession or the bird or mammal is wounded, or the hunter is in hot pursuit].
  71. Tags, see Domesticated Game and Private Land Management Program.
  72. Taxidermy, see FGC § 3087 [records and sale of skins].
  73. Transport, see 14 CCR § 671.1 [prohibits transport of live restricted species], Indian Reservations, Live Birds & Mammals, and Wild Game Transporting Regulations.
  74. Trapping, see FGC § 3005 [generally prohibits traps] and Live Birds and Mammals.
  75. Vehicles (e.g. truck, boat, and airplane), see FGC §§ 3002 [prohibits shooting at birds or mammals from vehicles] and 3003.5 [prohibits motor-driven motorized vehicles to hunt, pursue, drive, or herd]; 14 CCR §§ 251 [exceptions for certain boats, landowners, permits, and mobility-impaired hunters], 251.2 [allows permit for private property protection with vehicles], and 354 [restricts use of a bow and crossbow]; and Boats and Private Property.
  76. Violations, see Hunting Violation Regulations.
  77. Weapons, see Firearms, Archery, and Propulsive Devices.
  78. Wildlife Areas, see 14 CCR § 550 [restrictions general hunting restrictions and related activities, e.g. use of firearms].

List of Regulations

Here, we fetch up general California hunting regulations from the Fish and Game Code, as well as Title 14 of the Code of Regulations.

Fish and Game Code

In this section, we retrieve general California hunting regulations from the Fish and Game Code. Also, see our list from Title 14 of the Code of Regulations below.

General California hunting regulations from the Fish & Game Code.
General California hunting regulations from the Fish & Game Code.
  1. FGC § 46 defines “guide boat” as less than 25 feet long that a licensed guide uses to help another person find a bird or mammal.
  2. FGC § 308 generally prohibits hunting birds or mammals in the Colorado River, in District 22, and within one-eighth mile of a “gallinaceous guzzler”.
  3. FGC § 2001 (a) prohibits take of bird or mammal out of season, in excess of bag limits or possession limits and (b) generally prohibits possession of a bird or mammal except during open season where taken.
  4. FGC § 2003 generally prohibits inducement (e.g. prize or reward) to take game birds or mammal in a contest, tournament, or derby except (a) the value is less than $500 or (b) with a CDFW permit.
  5. FGC § 2005 (a) generally prohibits lights when hunting game birds and game mammals; (b) prohibits lights (i) on a highway, woodland, or forest where mammals are commonly found or (ii) upon mammals while in possession of a weapon (e.g. firearm) that could be used to kill it; (c) prohibits “night vision equipment” to help take any bird or mammal; (d) exempts (i) landowners with CDFW permit to protect people and prevent property damage from mammals per Section 4180, (ii) certain hand-held flashlight unless attached to a weapon, (iii) certain lamps and lanterns, (iv) normal use of motor vehicle headlights, (v) agricultural landowners and employees; and (e) prohibits arrest by anyone besides a peace officer.
  6. FGC § 2011 prohibits take or destroy a bird or mammal lawfully in “in possession” of the hunter, and defines it as physical possession, the animal is wounded, or the hunter is in “hot pursuit.”
  7. FGC § 2019 generally prohibits any person from authorize, offer, or pay a bounty for a bird or mammal except a landowner on his or her private property.
  8. FGC § 2400 requires breeder’s tag and package labels for common carrier transport of a dead domesticated game bird or mammal.
  9. FGC § 3000 generally prohibits night shooting hours.
  10. FGC § 3001 prohibits take with a firearm, bow and arrow, BB gun, or crossbow while intoxicated.
  11. FGC § 3002 prohibits shooting at a game bird or game mammal from a powerboat, sailboat, motor vehicles, or airplane.
  12. FGC § 3003 (a) prohibits people and businesses from shooting a bird or mammal devices (e.g. guns) via Internet connection or for that purpose (i) operating an online site, (ii) creating a website; (b) prohibits, in violation of the above, (i) importing or exporting a bird or mammal killed that way, (ii) confining a bird or mammal for that purpose; (c) allows the CDFW to seize such birds or mammals; and (d) defines “online shooting or spearing” to mean computer-assist remote discharge of a weapon, e.g. firearm, bow and arrow, spear, slingshot, or other projectile device.
  13. FGC § 3003.5 generally prohibits use of motorized vehicle (e.g. truck, powerboat, airplane) to pursue, drive, or herd a bird or mammal except (a) to prevent private property damage, (b) with a CDFW permit, or (c) in pursuit of agriculture.
  14. FGC § 3005 generally prohibits use of a cage, net, poisonous substance, pound, set line or wire, or trap–and possession of a bird or mammal so taken–except (a) lawfully taken furbearing mammals, nongame birds, nongame mammals, and mammals causing property damage (e.g. crops) or (b) with a CDFW permit.
  15. FGC § 3005.5 generally prohibits capture, possess, or confine a live game mammal, game bird, nongame bird, nongame mammal, or furbearer, taken from the wild except temporarily for medical treatment.
  16. FGC § 3007 generally requires license to take a bird or mammal.
  17. FGC § 3009 requires hunters to help others he or she injures with a weapons (e.g. firearm, bow and arrow, spear, slingshot) while hunting a bird or mammal.
  18. FGC § 3012 generally prohibits calls or sounds using a recording of or electronically amplified imitation of a bird or mammal, except as regulations allow for nongame birds and nongame mammals.
  19. FGC § 3031 sets uses fees for hunting license, granting privilege of taking birds and mammals to residents, juniors, and nonresidents, and requires adult supervision of juniors under the age of 16.
  20. FGC § 3031.2 provides for lifetime hunting license and fees.
  21. FGC § 3033 provides for reduced fee license for “disabled veterans” and “recovering service members,” as it defines.
  22. FGC § 3037 provides that the duration of a hunting license is from July 1 to June 30 of the license years.
  23. FGC § 3038 provides for hunter permit to disabled member of the US armed forces (instead of license and tags), valid as long as the member is in a medical facility and disabled.
  24. FGC § 3039 generally prohibits purchase or sale of any bird or mammal found in the wild or inedible parts of domestically reared game birds except (a) as allowed in Sections 3087 and 4303; (b) handicraft items and products made from (i) furbearing mammals, (ii) nongame mammals, (iii) shed antlers, (iv) antlers from domestically reared animals–but not whole antlers, heads, mounted antlers, or antlers in velvet.
  25. FGC § 3040 provides qualifications for unlicensed hunters to participate in any “Free Hunting Days” offered by the CDFW at its discretion.
  26. FGC § 3080 allows a person to have a possession limit of game bird or game mammal during a closed season if the person has at least a copy of the recent license and tags or is a charity or middleman, who also has a signed and dated written conformation of the donation.
  27. FGC § 3086 requires cold storage plants and frozen food lockers to keep records for CDFW inspection.
  28. FGC § 3087 requires taxidermists to keep records for CDFW inspection, and might allow them to sell the skin.
  29. FGC § 3200 generally requires a domesticated game breeder’s license to raise, import, or hold in captivity domesticated game birds and mammals that normally exist in the wild except for (a) licensed pheasant club per Section 3283, (b) domesticated migratory game bird shooting areas, (c) hotels, restaurants, boardinghouses, or clubs that prepare and serve the meat for actual consumption on the premises; (d) retail meat dealers, etc.
  30. FGC § 3240.5 defines “commercial hunting club” to include properties to hunt birds or mammals, and requires a commercial hunting club license except (a) where the entrance fee is less than $100, (b) the annual membership is less than $1,000, (c) holders of license for a (i) domesticated game bird hunt club, (ii) domesticated migratory game bird shooting area, or (iii) other hunting club program.
  31. FGC § 4307 authorizes the Commission to require identification markers (e.g. tag or seal) on any bird or mammal taken in a wildlife habitat enhancement and management area, which is under the CDFW Private Lands Management (PLM) Program.

Title 14 Code of Regulations

In this section, we retrieve general California hunting regulations from Title 14 of the Code of Regulations. Also, see our list from the Fish and Game Code above.

California hunting seasons at California hunting areas ATV riding.
General California hunting regulations from Title 14.
  1. 14 CCR § 250.1 prohibits use or possession of lead ammo while taking certain wildlife with a firearm at specific locations.
  2. 14 CCR § 251 generally prohibits use of motor-driven air, land, and water vehicles to pursue, drive, herd, or take a bird or mammal, except (a) boats that are driving, beached, moored, anchored, or being paddled, (b) landowners preventing private property damage, (c) with a CDFW permit, or (d) a mobility disabled persons motor vehicle license.
  3. 14 CCR § 251.1 generally prohibits animal harassment, as it defines, herding, and driving game birds, game mammals, furbearing mammals, nongame birds, and nongame mammals, except for landowners driving birds or mammals to prevent property damage (e.g. crops).
  4. 14 CCR § 251.2 allows the CDFW to issue permit to landowners, subject to conditions, to pursue, drive, herd, and take birds and mammals with or from motor-driven vehicles (e.g. trucks, boats, and planes).
  5. 14 CCR § 251.8 allows transport of game birds and game mammals off Indian reservations, subject to conditions, with or without CDFW permit, stamps or tag, depending on where they were taken.
  6. 14 CCR § 252 definesbag and possession limit” as the daily bag limit of each kind of resident game birds, migratory game birds, game mammals, and furbearing mammals which may be taken.
  7. 14 CCR § 257.5 generally prohibits take of resident game birds and mammals within 400 yards of a “baited area,” as it defines, except (a) domestically reared and released birds at licensed game bird clubs and (b) resident game birds and mammals over certain agricultural crops, harvests, operations, and wildlife management purposes.
  8. 14 CCR § 258 definesseason” for taking resident game birds, migratory game birds, game mammals, and furbearing mammals.
  9. 14 CCR § 354 (a) definesbow” and excludes crossbows from definition of “archery equipment;” (b) restricts arrow and bolt sizes for hunting big game; (c) allows any arrow or crossbow bolt for taking migratory game bids, resident small game, furbearers, and nongame except no arrow or bolt (i) with an explosive head, poisonous substance, or tranquilizer on any animal or (ii) without flu-flu fletching for pheasant or migratory game birds unless taking waterfowl sitting on the water from a boat per Section 507(a)(2); (d) prohibits shooting across public roads and highways; (e) requires minimum casting distance of 130 yards (except flu-flu fletching arrows); (f) prohibits use of crossbows to take game birds and game mammals during archery seasons except with a Disabled Archer’s Permit; (g) prohibits crossbows to generally prohibits possession of firearm during archer seasons or with an archery-only tag; (h) prohibits ready-to-firearm bows and crossbows in or on a vehicle; (i) allows use of lighted nocks without directional be of lights as exception t o Section 2005; and (j) provides procedures for Disabled Archer’s Permit.
  10. 14 CCR § 550 provides for general use of wildlife areas, ecological reserves, and some national wildlife refuges, including requirements, conditions, and restrictions relating to hunting and other uses like use of archery equipment, bicycles, boats, campsites, dogs, falcons, firearms, motor vehicles, species, and taps.
  11. 14 CCR § 625 prohibits take of birds or mammals on about 130 posted acres of the Sutter National Wildlife Refuge, which is State owned land near the Sutter Bypass between the hunter check station and parking lot on the north.
  12. 14 CCR § 670 to engage in falconry, as it defines, requires (a) a falconry license and permit from the CDFW, as it provides; (b) compliance with the Migratory Bird Treaty Act; (c) compliance with regulations for hunting for particular species for resident small game, upland game, migratory game birds, nongame birds, and nongame mammals, including licenses, seasons, bag limits, and hunting hours.
  13. 14 CCR § 670.5 identifies endangered or threatened birds and mammals.
  14. 14 CCR § 671 prohibits import, transport or possession of live restricted species of birds and mammals, as it lists therein, except with a CDFW permit.
  15. 14 CCR § 671.1 prohibits import, export, transport, sale, disposal, or use for any purpose the live restricted birds and mammals Section 671 identifies.
  16. 14 CCR § 702 provides for Private Wildlife Management Areas fees for license applications, tags for big game and turkey, and seals for upland game birds.
  17. 14 CCR § 711 provides record keeping requirements for cold storage plants and frozen food lockers with where game birds, game mammals, or their parts are processed, preserved, or stored.

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FGC § 308

Generally [301 – 317]

Notwithstanding any other provisions of this code, in District 22 the taking of birds, mammals, fish, amphibia, or reptiles shall be subject to regulations prescribed, from time to time, by the commission, except that it is unlawful to take birds or mammals within one-eighth mile of any gallinaceous guzzler, if the area surrounding it is posted in the manner prescribed by the commission. In the Colorado River, in District 22, the commission may prescribe such regulations in agreement with the proper authorities of the State of Arizona.

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FGC § 2001

Taking and Possessing in General [2000 – 2022]

General California hunting regulations for bag and possession limits.
General California hunting regulations for bag and possession limits.

(a) It is unlawful to take a mammal, bird, fish, reptile, or amphibian outside of an established season or to exceed a bag limit or possession limit established in this code or by a regulation adopted by the commission. Violation of an established season, bag limit, or possession limit may be charged as a violation of this section or of the specific code section or regulation that establishes the season or limit.

(b) Unless otherwise provided, it is unlawful to possess a fish, reptile, or amphibian, except during the open season where the fish, reptile, or amphibian was taken or during the 10-day period immediately following that open season. A possession limit applicable during the open season applies during that 10-day period.

(c) Except as provided in Section 3080, it is unlawful to possess a game bird or mammal except during the open season where taken.

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FGC § 2003

Taking and Possessing in General [2000 – 2022]

(a) Except as specified in subdivisions (b), (c), and (d), it is unlawful to offer a prize or other inducement as a reward for the taking of a game bird, mammal, fish, reptile, or amphibian in an individual contest, tournament, or derby.

(b) The department may issue a permit to a person authorizing that person to offer a prize or other inducement as a reward for the taking of a game fish, as defined by the commission by regulation, if it finds that there would be no detriment to the resource. The permit is subject to regulations adopted by the commission. The application for the permit shall be accompanied by a fee in the amount determined by the department as necessary to cover the reasonable administrative costs incurred by the department in issuing the permit. However, the department may waive the permit fee if the contest, tournament, or derby is for persons who are under 16 years of age or have a physical or mental disability, and the primary purpose of the contest, tournament, or derby is to introduce those anglers to or educate them about fishing. All permits for which the fee is waived pursuant to this subdivision shall comply with all other requirements set forth in this section.

(c) This section does not apply to a person conducting what is generally known as a frog-jumping contest, or, in waters of the Pacific Ocean, what is generally known as a fish contest.

(d) This section does not apply to a person conducting an individual contest, tournament, or derby for the taking of a game bird or mammal, if the total value of all prizes or other inducements is less than five hundred dollars ($500) for the individual contest, tournament, or derby.

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FGC § 2005

Taking and Possessing in General [2000 – 2022]

Click here to see our page for Night Hunting Regulations.

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FGC § 2011

Taking and Possessing in General [2000 – 2022]

(a) It is unlawful for any person to take, mutilate, or destroy any bird or mammal lawfully in the possession of another.

(b) For the purpose of this section, a bird or mammal shall be deemed in possession when it is actually reduced to physical possession or when it is wounded or otherwise maimed and the person who wounded or otherwise maimed it is in hot pursuit.

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FGC § 2019

Taking and Possessing in General [2000 – 2022]

It is unlawful for any person, including state, federal, county, and city officials or their agents, to authorize, offer or pay a bounty for any bird or mammal. This section does not apply to any person with respect to the taking of any bird or mammal on the private property of such person.

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FGC § 3001

Methods of Taking [3000 – 3012]

It is unlawful to take birds or mammals with firearms, BB devices as defined in Section 16250 of the Penal Code, crossbows, or with bow and arrow when intoxicated.

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FGC § 3002

Methods of Taking [3000 – 3012]

It is unlawful to shoot at any game bird or mammal, including a marine mammal as defined in Section 4500, from a powerboat, sailboat, motor vehicle, or airplane.

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FGC § 3003

Methods of Taking [3000 – 3012]

(a) It is unlawful for a person to shoot, shoot at, or kill a bird or mammal with a gun or other device accessed via an Internet connection in this state.

(b) It is unlawful for a person, firm, corporation, partnership, limited liability company, association, or other business entity to do either of the following:

(1) Own or operate a shooting range, site, or gallery located in the state for the purpose of online shooting or spearing of a bird or mammal.

(2) Create, maintain, or utilize an Internet Web site, or other service or business in this state, for the purpose of online shooting or spearing of a bird or mammal.

(c) It is unlawful to possess or confine a bird or mammal in furtherance of an activity prohibited by this section.

(d) It is unlawful for a person in this state to import into, or export from, this state a bird or mammal that is killed by a device accessed via an Internet connection.

(e) A bird or mammal that is possessed in violation of this section shall be subject to seizure by the department.

(f) For the purposes of this section, “online shooting or spearing” means the use of a computer or other device, equipment, software, or technology to remotely control the aiming and discharge of a weapon, including, but not limited to, a firearm, bow and arrow, spear, slingshot, harpoon, or other projectile device.

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FGC § 3003.5

Methods of Taking [3000 – 3012]

It is unlawful to pursue, drive, or herd any bird or mammal with any motorized water, land, or air vehicle, including, but not limited to, a motor vehicle, airplane, powerboat, or snowmobile, except in any of the following circumstances:

(a) On private property by the landowner or tenant thereof to haze birds or mammals for the purpose of preventing damage by that wildlife to private property.

(b) Pursuant to a permit from the department issued under regulations as the commission may prescribe.

(c) In the pursuit of agriculture.

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FGC § 3005

Methods of Taking [3000 – 3012]

(a) It is unlawful to take birds or mammals with any net, pound, cage, trap, set line or wire, or poisonous substance, or to possess birds or mammals so taken, whether taken within or without this state, except as provided in this code or, when relating to ongoing mining operations, in accordance with a mitigation plan approved by the department.

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(c) Proof of possession of any bird or mammal that does not show evidence of having been taken by means other than a net, pound, cage, trap, set line or wire, or poisonous substance, is prima facie evidence that the birds or mammals were taken in violation of this section.

(d) This section does not apply to the lawful taking of fur-bearing mammals, nongame birds, nongame mammals, or mammals found to be injuring crops or property, to the taking of birds or mammals under depredation permits, to taking by employees of the department acting in an official capacity, or to taking in accordance with the conditions of a scientific or propagation permit by the holder of that permit

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FGC § 3005.5

Methods of Taking [3000 – 3012]

General California hunting regulations for live game.
General California hunting regulations for live game.

It is unlawful to capture any game mammal, game bird, nongame bird, nongame mammal, or furbearer, or to possess or confine any live game mammal, game bird, nongame bird, nongame mammal, or furbearer taken from the wild, except as provided by this code or regulations made pursuant thereto. Any bird or mammal possessed or confined in violation of this section shall be seized by the department.

The commission may promulgate regulations permitting the temporary confinement of game mammals, game birds, nongame birds, nongame mammals, or furbearers for the purpose of treating the animals, if injured or diseased.

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FGC § 3009

Methods of Taking [3000 – 3012]

Every person who while taking any bird or mammal kills or injures another person by the use of any firearm, bow and arrow, spear, slingshot, or other weapon or device used in such taking and who knowingly either abandons such person or fails to render to such injured person all necessary aid possible under the circumstances is guilty of a felony.

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FGC § 3012

Methods of Taking [3000 – 3012]

General California hunting regulations game calls.
General California hunting regulations game calls.

It is unlawful to use any recorded or electrically amplified bird or mammal calls or sounds, or recorded or electrically amplified imitations of bird or mammal calls or sounds, to assist in taking any bird or mammal, except nongame birds and nongame mammals as permitted by regulations of the commission.

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FGC § 3039

Hunting Licenses [3031 – 3040]

(a) Except as otherwise provided in this section, Section 3087, Section 4303, another provision of this code, or a regulation adopted pursuant to this code, it is unlawful to sell or purchase a bird or mammal found in the wild in California.

(b) Products or handicraft items made from furbearing mammals and nongame mammals lawfully taken under the authority of a trapping license may be purchased or sold at any time.

(c) Shed antlers, or antlers taken from domestically reared animals that have been manufactured into products or handicraft items, or that have been cut into blocks or units which are to be handcrafted or manufactured into those articles may be purchased or sold at any time. However, complete antlers, whole heads with antlers, antlers that are mounted for display, or antlers in velvet may not be sold or purchased at any time, except as authorized by Section 3087.

(d) Notwithstanding Section 3504, inedible parts of domestically raised game birds may be sold or purchased at any time.

(e) A person who illegally takes a bird or mammal for profit or for personal gain by engaging in an activity authorized by this section is subject to civil liability pursuant to Section 2582.

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FGC § 3080

Possession of Birds and Mammals After Season [3080 – 3087]

(a) For the purposes of this section, “donor intermediary” means a recipient who receives a game bird or mammal from a donor to give to a charitable organization or charitable entity.

(b) A person may possess a game bird or mammal during a period other than the open season for that game bird or mammal, up to the possession limit allowed for that game bird or mammal during the open season, in any of the following circumstances:

(1) The person possesses a hunting license and a validated tag or tags for the species possessed, or a copy of the license and tag or tags. The license and tag or tags shall have been issued to that person for the current or immediate past license year.

(2) The person is a donor intermediary who received the game bird or mammal from a donor described in paragraph (1), and has a written confirmation of the donation that is signed and dated by the donor, and a photocopy of the donor’s hunting license and the applicable validated tag or tags from the current or immediate past license year.

(3) The person is a donor intermediary who received the game bird or mammal from a donor described in paragraph (1), and has a written confirmation of the donation signed and dated by the donor, which includes the donor’s name, address, hunting license number, and applicable tag numbers for the species possessed. The license and tag or tags shall be for the current or immediate past license year.

(c) The documentation required by subdivision (b) shall be made available to the department as described in Section 2012. There is no required format for the documentation. Any written documentation containing the required information shall be deemed to comply with this section. A charitable organization or charitable entity receiving and distributing a game bird or mammal for a charitable or humane purpose shall maintain the documentation described in paragraph (2) or (3) of subdivision (b) for one year from the date of disposal.

(d) This section does not authorize the possession of a game bird contrary to regulations adopted pursuant to the federal Migratory Bird Treaty Act (16 U.S.C. Sec. 703 et seq.).

(e) On or before January 1, 2015, and subject to the requirements of subdivision (d), the commission shall recommend legislation or adopt regulations to clarify when a possession limit is not violated by processing into food lawfully taken game birds or mammals.

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FGC § 3086

Possession of Birds and Mammals After Season [3080 – 3087]

Cold storage plants and frozen food locker plants shall make and keep a complete detailed record of all game birds or mammals stored in such plants. A record of each game bird or mammal shall be made at the time it is received at the plant for storage.

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FGC § 3087

Possession of Birds and Mammals After Season [3080 – 3087]

General California hunting regulations for taxidermy.
General California hunting regulations for taxidermy.

(a) (1) Every person who prepares, stuffs, or mounts the skin of any fish, reptile, amphibian, bird, or mammal for another person for a fee shall make and keep an accurate and detailed record, as prescribed by regulations of the commission, regarding all fish, reptile, amphibian, bird, or mammal carcasses, skins, or parts thereof that are acquired, possessed, or stored for taxidermy purposes.

(2) The record required by this section shall be made at the time the fish, reptile, amphibian, bird, or mammal carcasses, skins, or parts thereof, are received, and shall include the name and address of each person from and to whom fish, reptile, amphibian, bird, or mammal carcasses, skins, or parts thereof are received or delivered and the number and species of all fish, reptile, amphibian, bird, or mammal carcasses, skins, or parts thereof received or delivered. The record shall be open for inspection at all times pursuant to regulations adopted by the commission.

(b) (1) Where a taxidermist has prepared, stuffed, or mounted the skin of any fish, reptile, amphibian, bird, or mammal for another person and that person does not pay the cost thereof, or take delivery thereof, the taxidermist may sell the skin only if the commission adopts regulations permitting the sale.

(2) The commission may adopt regulations permitting a sale pursuant to Chapter 6 (commencing with Section 3046) of Title 14 of Part 4 of Division 3 of the Civil Code, and may adopt any other regulations governing the sale, including, but not limited to, regulations that require a taxidermist to record, and provide to the department, the name and address of any person failing to pay for work performed on a skin, that list species of fish, reptiles, amphibians, birds, or mammals whose prepared skins shall not be sold, and that limit the sales price of prepared skins to the actual cost of preparation.

(3) The commission may adopt regulations permitting a sale of a prepared skin pursuant to this subdivision only if the commission also adopts regulations that require the posting of a notice or otherwise giving notice at the place of business of the taxidermist informing patrons of this subdivision and regulations adopted pursuant thereto.

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FGC § 4307

Enhancement and Management of Fish and Wildlife and their Habitat on Private Lands [3400 – 3408]

The commission may require that any fish, bird, or mammal taken in a wildlife habitat enhancement and management area licensed pursuant to this article be marked for identification with a distinctive tag or seal issued by the department prior to being removed from the area. A deer tag shall be countersigned by a person who is authorized to countersign deer tags pursuant to Section 372 of Title 14 of the California Code of Regulations. Any fish, bird, or mammal so identified may be possessed and transported at any time during the period for which the tag or seal is valid. The fees for tags and seals shall be established by the commission in amounts which, in conjunction with fees collected pursuant to Section 3402, are calculated to meet the actual costs incurred by the department in administering all aspects of the habitat enhancement and management program.

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14 CCR § 251

Prohibition on Pursuing or Shooting Birds and Mammals from Motor-Driven Air or Land Vehicles, Motorboats, Airboats, Sailboats or Snowmobiles.

(a) General Prohibition:

No person shall pursue, drive, herd, or take any bird or mammal from any type of motor-driven air or land vehicles, motorboat, airboat, sailboat, or snowmobile. Additionally, no person shall use any motorized, hot-air, or unpowered aircraft or other device capable of flight or any earth orbiting imaging device to locate or assist in locating big game mammals beginning 48 hours before and continuing until 48 hours after any big game hunting season in the same area. No person shall use at any time or place, without Department approval, any computer, telemetry device or other equipment to locate a big game mammal to which a tracking device is attached. For purposes of this subsection “use” includes but is not limited to personal use or intent by another to obtain information from such personal use. Evidence of an act constituting a violation of this section includes but is not limited to flying slowly at low attitudes, hovering, circling or repeatedly flying over any area where big game may be found. Exceptions to this subsection are:

(1) When the motor of such motorboat, airboat, or sailboat has been shut off and/or the sails furled and its progress therefrom has ceased, and it is drifting, beached, moored, resting at anchor, or is being propelled by paddle, oar or pole.

(2) When used by the landowner or tenant of private property to drive or herd game mammals for the purpose of preventing damage to private property.

(3) Pursuant to a license from the department issued under such regulations as the commission may prescribe (see subsection 251(b) below).

(b) Mobility Disabled Persons Motor Vehicle License

(1) Applications:

General California hunting regulations for disabled hunters.
General California hunting regulations for disabled hunters.

Applications for a Motor Vehicle Hunting License for mobility disabled persons shall be on a form supplied by the Department (Mobility Impaired Disabled Persons Motor Vehicle Hunting License Application, FG1460-10/95). The application shall include the applicant’s name, address, physical description, a description of the qualifying disability, and a certified statement from a licensed physician describing the applicant’s permanent disability. It shall be unlawful for any person to falsify an application for a Motor Vehicle Hunting License.

(2) Terms of the License:

The Motor Vehicle Hunting License shall specify conditions under which said license shall be used and shall include but not be limited to the following provisions:

(A) The licensee shall be accompanied by an able bodied assistant who shall immediately retrieve, and tag if necessary, all game taken. (Possession of the licensee’s tag, required in this subsection, shall not be considered an unlawful possession of a tag or license issued to another person).

(B) The assistant shall not possess a firearm, crossbow or archery equipment unless he/she is a licensed hunter and possesses any necessary license or tag for the area being hunted. The assistant shall not discharge a firearm or release a bolt or an arrow from the vehicle. If licensed, the assistant may dispatch wounded game which has moved out of range of the licensee.

(C) The vehicle must be stopped and the engine must be shut off prior to the licensee discharging firearm or releaseing a bolt from a crossbow or an arrow from archery equipment.

(D) The licensee shall notify the Department, at the regional office having responsibility for the area where the licensee intends to hunt, at least 48 hours prior to hunting or contact the department’s 24-hour dispatcher at the number indicated on the license. The licensee shall specify the locality, vehicle description, and the approximate time frame during which such hunt shall take place.

(E) The licensee or assistant shall not pursue any animal or drive or herd animals to any other hunters with a motor vehicle.

(F) This license does not grant permission to trespass on private property or permission to use a motor vehicle while in any area where the use of motor vehicles is restricted or prohibited.

(G) This license does not grant permission to discharge a firearm in any place or manner that would otherwise be unlawful, or to possess a loaded firearm in violation of any other city, county or state law.

(H) The licensee shall have the license in possession while hunting from a motor vehicle.

(3) License Fee:

A license fee of $25.00, as adjusted annually pursuant to Section 713 of the Fish and Game Code, shall be charged for processing and issuing the Mobility Impaired Disabled Person Motor Vehicle Hunting License. Licenses shall be issued only by the Director or his/her designee. Licenses shall be permanent and have no expiration date.

 

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14 CCR § 251.1

Harassment of Animals.

Except as otherwise authorized in these regulations or in the Fish and Game Code, no person shall harass, herd or drive any game or nongame bird or mammal or furbearing mammal. For the purposes of this section, harass is defined as an intentional act which disrupts an animal’s normal behavior patterns, which includes, but is not limited to, breeding, feeding or sheltering. This section does not apply to a landowner or tenant who drives or herds birds or mammals for the purpose of preventing damage to private or public property, including aquaculture and agriculture crops.

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14 CCR § 257.5

Prohibition Against Taking Resident Game Birds and Mammals by the Aid of Bait.

Except as otherwise provided in these regulations or in the Fish and Game Code, resident game birds and mammals may not be taken within 400 yards of any baited area.

(a) Definition of Baited Area.

As used in this regulation, “baited area” shall mean any area where shelled, shucked or unshucked corn, wheat or other grains, salt, or other feed whatsoever capable of luring, attracting, or enticing such birds or mammals is directly or indirectly placed, exposed, deposited, distributed, or scattered, and such area shall remain a baited area for ten days following complete removal of all such corn, wheat or other grains, salt, or other feed.

(b) Exceptions:

(1) The taking of domestically reared and released game birds on licensed pheasant clubs and other licensed game bird clubs;

(2) The taking of resident game birds and mammals on or over standing crops, flooded standing crops (including aquatics), flooded harvested croplands, grain crops properly shocked on the field where grown, or grains found scattered solely as the result of normal agricultural planting or harvesting;

(3) The taking of resident game birds and mammals on or over any lands where shelled, shucked or unshucked corn, wheat or other grain, salt, or other feed have been distributed or scattered as the result of bona fide agricultural operations or procedures, or as a result of manipulation of a crop or other feed on the land where grown for wildlife management purposes: provided that manipulation for wildlife management purposes does not include the distributing or scattering of grain or other feed once it has been removed from or stored on the field where grown.

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14 CCR § 625

Area Closed: Birds or Mammals.

For the purpose of facilitating the operation of the Sutter National Wildlife Refuge, it is unlawful to take birds or mammals by hunting on the following described lands: Approximately 127.28 acres owned by the State of California under and adjacent to the east levee of the Sutter Bypass between the hunter check station and parking lot on the north and the National Wildlife Refuge boundary on the south, as posted by signs.

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